During the almost 30 years of his existence, the International Criminal Court (ICC) has tried a bit more than a dozen defendants, out of which the ICC chambers have found eight guilty. In no single case did ICC chambers sentence a defendant against the will of a government, on whose territory he had committed the crimes he was judged for. This paper argues, the ICC has become a prosthesis for governments in fragile states, which lost their grip on parts of their territory or whose judiciary is too much in shambles to punish perpetrators of mass violence - writes prof. Klaus Bachmann, CIR associate, in analysis A whip against violent dissidence.