Six years have passed since peaceful protests in Damascus and Deraa started a bloody conflict in Syria, interpreted as a part of the "Arab Spring" domino. In 2017, after the fall of Aleppo, with five million Syrians who left their country, six million internal refugees, and the hard-to-estimate, real number of victims - perhaps 400,000 or more - peace remains a distant dream. Regional powers: Turkey, Iran and Saudi Arabia as well as Russia and the United States - with their military intervention or financial backing - have made Syria a chessboard of their competition and ‘core’ interests. Meanwhile, the divided country has become a safe haven and a strategic battleground for the global jihadism. This is a tragic fate Syria shares with another failed state: Iraq.